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Butter ISN'T bad for you after all

  1. Maaze

    30,468 Posts.
    3
    I saw a report on sky news earlier today. Apparently to make this conclusion they interviewed 2,500 men with high cholesterol.



    Butter ISN'T bad for you after all: Major study says 80s advice on dairy fats was flawed

    • Dietary advice from 1983 ordered cut of dairy fats and increase of carbs
    • UK and US governments 'practically destroyed' dairy industry with advice
    • Advice to eat more carbs 'to blame for obesity and diabetes epidemic'
    By JENNY HOPE FOR THE DAILY MAIL
    PUBLISHED: 10:29 EST, 10 February 2015 | UPDATED: 01:34 EST, 11 February 2015

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    Guidelines that told millions of people to avoid butter and full-fat milk should never have been introduced, say experts.
    The startling assertion challenges advice that has been followed by the medical profession for 30 years.
    The experts say the advice from 1983, aimed at reducing deaths from heart disease, lacked any solid trial evidence to back it up.
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    The guidelines – the first of their kind – were introduced when as much as one-fifth of the average British diet was saturated fat such as butter, cream and fattier cuts of meat.
    Britons were advised by an official dietary committee to cut their fat intake to 30 per cent of total energy and saturated fat intake to 10 per cent, while increasing the amount of carbohydrate they ate.

    Guidelines from the 1980s that told millions to avoid butter and full-fat milk, should never have been introduced and experts say it lacked any solid trial evidence to back it up
    ‘The present review concludes that dietary advice not merely needs review; it should not have been introduced.’
    However, many public health and nutrition scientists criticised the conclusions of the review in the online BMJ journal Open Heart, saying wider evidence at the time and since has justified the advice and heart deaths have fallen dramatically.
    The researchers carried out a review of data from trials that would have been available to UK and US regulators at the time. These trials were regarded as the ‘gold standard’ of medical testing.
    Six relevant trials were found, spanning an average of five years, and involving 2,467 men – most of whom had survived a heart attack or similar event.
    The trials looked at the relationship between dietary fat, cholesterol, and coronary heart disease. The review found no difference in heart deaths, regardless of whether people were on a high fat or lower fat diet. Professor Iain Broom, of the Robert Gordon University in Aberdeen, said there was now mounting evidence against the introduction of low-fat diets to combat heart disease.
    CARBOHYRATES ARE ALSO BECOMING A DIRTY WORD

    Carbs are heading the same way as fat in becoming a dirty word, some experts say.
    Reducing or even eliminating carbs is a key part of several weight-loss diet plans, while many experts are blaming foods such as sugar, bread, pasta and rice for the obesity epidemic.
    But the NHS recommends eating plenty of potatoes, bread, rice and pasta with some milk and dairy foods, albeit low-fat options.


    Last year a US research scientist called for a campaign telling people they had been taken down the ‘wrong dietary road for decades’ in avoiding saturated fat while not being warned about eating too much carbohydrate and sugar.
    It is not the first time experts have blamed faulty interpretation of studies for creating a ‘myth’ around the role played by saturated fat in heart disease. Researchers last year conducted a ‘meta-analysis’ of data from 72 studies involving more than 600,000 participants from 18 countries.
    It is a statistically powerful technique to reveal trends that may be masked in individual small studies, but which become obvious when they are amalgamated.
    A key finding was that total saturated fat, whether measured in the diet or the bloodstream, showed no association with heart disease.
    But cardiologist Dr Rahul Bahl, of the Royal Berkshire NHS Foundation Trust, also writing in Open Heart, said: ‘There is certainly a strong argument that an over-reliance in public health on saturated fat as the main dietary villain for cardiovascular disease has distracted from the risks posed by other nutrients, such as carbohydrates.
    ‘Yet replacing one caricature with another does not feel like a solution.’
    Professor Tom Sanders, of King’s College London, said in the 1970-80s the UK and other Western countries were facing an epidemic of coronary heart disease.
    He said: ‘It was effectively a policy choice between sitting on the fence and doing nothing or opting to follow what the evidence suggested – that cutting total fat intake would help prevent obesity and reducing saturated fat would lower blood cholesterol. Anyway it seems to have turned out okay… between 1997 and 2007/8 cardiovascular disease mortality under the age of 75 years fell by 55 per cent.’
    mce-anchor

    Study debunks myth that high dairy fat diet is unhealthy




    Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/a...s-advice-dairy-fats-flawed.html#ixzz3ROtcDBEF
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